Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines that may be sold directly to a consumer without a prescription from a healthcare professional, as compared to prescription drugs, which may be sold only to consumers possessing a valid prescription. In many countries, OTC drugs are selected by a regulatory agency to ensure that they are ingredients that are safe and effective when used without a physician's care.
There are more than 80 therapeutic categories of OTC drugs,ranging fron acne drug product to weight control drug products.OTC drugs generally have these characteristics.
The potential for misuse and abuse is low.
Customer can use them for self dignosed conditions.
They can be adequately labelled.
Health professionals are not needed for the safe and effective use of the product.